Cuts, Scrapes, Burns, and Bruises

Minor Cuts/Scrapes

Clean the wound with soap and water. Press on cut for up to 10 minutes to stop the bleeding. Use sterile or wet gauze. If still bleeding, lift the part of the body with the cut higher than the heart. After the bleeding has stopped, apply first aid cream. Keep the cut clean and dry. Change dressing or band aid every 24 hours.


Use cold water or place a cold wet washcloth on burn for 15 minutes or until pain subsides. Do not put ice directly on burn. Do not use ointments until skin is closed. Cover the area with sterile gauze. Aloe Vera can be applied over closed skin 3-4 times a day. Do not break blisters.


Apply a cold pack to the bruised area as soon as possible. Keep the cold pack on for 10 minutes at a time. Take it off for 30-60 minutes; repeat several times a day for two days. Two days after the injury, use a warm compress for 20 minutes at a time.

Powell, D. (2006). Healthier at home: The proven guide to self-care & being a wise health consumer. Farmington Hills, MI: American Institute for Preventive Medicine.