Dr. Michael J Halvorson Professor of History
“Code Nation: Personal Computing and the Learn to Program Movement in America: a new history of computer programming and the rise of PC user communities”, a new book from Professor Halvorson of the History Department, explores the rise of software development as a social, cultural, and technical phenomenon in American history.
The text offers a new history of personal computing that emphasizes the technical and business challenges that software developers faced when building emerging platforms.
Halvorson presents a popular history of computing that explores the experiences of novice computer users, tinkerers, hackers, and power users, as well as the ideals and aspirations of leading computer scientists, engineers, educators, and entrepreneurs.
Code Nation includes a “behind-the-scenes” look at application and operating-system programming practices, the diversity of historic computer languages, the rise of user communities, and early attempts to market PC software. The histories of Apple, Microsoft, and IBM are here, as well as the social movements that shaped personal computing and computer literacy debates in the 1970s, 80s, and 90s. Code samples and over 80 historic photographs support the text.
Dr. Marianne Taylor
Dr. Wendelyn Shore
Professors, Department of Psychology
The authors describe the development, execution, and assessment of a one-month study abroad course in London, England. Course learning objectives are discussed, linked to specific assignments, and evaluated using multiple methods. The authors highlight two team-based assignments on expertise development related to (1) navigating the London Underground and (2) aspects of London culture. Analyses focus on students’ self-ratings at three points, identification of themes in students’ final reflections, and independent coders’ ratings of achievement of course objectives evident in major assignments. Results indicate that students made significant improvements related to course learning objectives while also engaging in meaningful reflection about their experiences.
Dr. Akiko Nosaka
Associate Professor, Department of Anthropology
The Influence of Migration, Education, and Parents on the Fertility of First – Generation Japanese Women in the U.S. examines fertility of Japanese women who migrated to the United States (U.S.) in the early 1900s. It uses data originally collected from 98 first-generation Japanese immigrants, addressed as Issei, living in Seattle, Washington in the mid 1970s. Main questions are 1) how Issei women’s fertility differed based on their levels of educational attainment, and 2) how the natal family fertility influence differed according to their levels of education. The study findings indicate that highly educated women (more than high-school level) had significantly fewer children than other women with lower educational attainment. This finding may relate in part to the levels of education that they had their children obtain. Interestingly, there is no indication that the fertility of these Issei women was positively influenced by the number of children that their natal parents had regardless of their educational levels; on the contrary, the fertility of women who had a high-school level of education was negatively related to their natal family fertility. Several possible factors may be responsible for these patterns, including experience with child-death, reaction to the realities of their immigrant parents, assimilation into society in the U.S., and occupational and regional backgrounds of their natal family.
Dr. Jordan Levy
Associate Professor, Department of Anthropology
Class of 2020
“La Gente de Washington es la Más Tranquila” (People from Washington are the Most Laid-Back): An Ethnographic Perspective on Honduran and Salvadoran Migration to the Pacific Northwest – Jordan Levy and Sandra Estrada; Journal Of Northwest Anthropology, Spring 2020, Volume 54, Number 1.
After taking three classes with Dr. Levy, Sandra Estrada (GLST & HIST major, class of 2020) began brainstorming ideas for a collaborative faculty-student research project, based on mutual interests and dedication to the Central American migrant community in Washington. This peer-reviewed journal article represents the culmination of our original ethnographic research together – including project planning and data collection in 2017-2018; conference presentations and initial writings in 2018-2019; editing and revising the manuscript in 2019–20.
Drawing upon engaged ethnographic research conducted during 2018 in Washington state, this paper examines how Honduran and Salvadoran transnational migrants navigate changing circumstances and turbulent times characterized by intensified forms of xenophobia and racism in the U.S., and political uncertainty in Central America. Most literature on Honduran and Salvadoran migrants focuses on the “push” and “pull” factors of international migration. Our paper engages such important questions, but also goes beyond causational frameworks about why people move—to focus instead on everyday lived experiences in the receiving country. Working from a theoretical perspective that privileges migrants’ agency in choosing to move to the Pacific Northwest, we explore peoples’ adept abilities to pursue their livelihood strategies while reading the political landscape and imagining different paths toward realizing their goals. In so doing this study contributes to anthropological understandings of Central American transnationalism in the Pacific Northwest during the post-2017 U.S. political environment.
Dr. Corey Cook
Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology
Pirlott, A. G., & Cook, C. L. (2018). Prejudices and discrimination as goal activated and threat driven: The affordance management approach applied to sexual prejudice. Psychological Review, 125, 1002-1027. doi: 10.1037/rev0000125
We propose an affordance management approach to understanding responses to stereotype perceptions. The approach suggests that prejudices arise as specific emotional reactions to stereotypes, which engage behavioral responses to address perceived threats and opportunities (i.e., affordances). Stereotypes relevant to fundamental motives (e.g., finding mates, parenting, avoiding disease, affiliating socially, protecting oneself, and acquiring status) should engage specific emotional and behavioral reactions to act strategically upon perceived threats and opportunities. We argue that the relevance of threat and opportunity stereotypes depends upon the perceiver’s currently active fundamental motives. We present extant literature to illustrate this model, specifically applying it to understand prejudice toward non-heterosexual individuals (i.e., sexual prejudice), and provide recommendations for further testing the model.
Dr. Katherine Wiley
Associate Professor, Department of Anthropology
The Materiality and Social Agency of the Malah· fa (Mauritanian Veil) – This article examines the malaḥfa, a veil that has long been popular in Mauritania, using the scholarship of materiality to analyze how it and the wearer co-constitute each other. This approach demonstrates how the malaḥfa’s particular form and fabric provide women with certain constraints and possibilities; women activate these qualities to exercise agency, be it in redefining their positions in the social hierarchy, exercising control in their relationships, or asserting authority over others. Focusing on the malaḥfa’s materiality illustrates how such garments can be central to women’s agency and power, and demonstrates how women shape the broader social hierarchy.
Dr. Maria Chavez
Professor, Department of Political Science
In Latino Professionals in America, Maria Chávez combines rich qualitative interviews, auto-ethnographic accounts, and policy analysis to explore the converging oppressions that make it difficult for Latinos to become professionals, and to envision themselves as successful in those professions. Recounting her own story, Chávez interviews 31 Latino professionals from across the nation in a variety of occupations and careers, contextualizing their experiences amid family struggles and ongoing racism in the U.S. She addresses gender inequality within the Latino community, arguing that by defending, rationalizing or ignoring patriarchy within the Latino community perpetuates systems of oppression—especially for women, GLBTQ individuals, and others at the intersections. The experiences of these Latino professionals and the author’s analysis provide a blueprint for what works. One, both pragmatic and hopeful, that uses real lives to illustrate how a combination of public policies, people, and perseverance increases the presence of America’s fastest-growing demographic group in the professional class.
Dr. Kate Luther
Associate Professor, Department of Sociology and Criminology
As research continues to accumulate on the connections between media and crime, #Crime explores the impact of social media on the criminal legal system. It examines how media influences our perceptions of crime, the perpetration of crime, and the implementation of punishment, whilst emphasizing the significance of race, ethnicity, class, gender, and sexuality. It offers an accessible and in-depth examination of media and in each chapter there are case studies and examples from both legacy and new media, including discussions from Twitter that are being used to raise awareness of criminal legal issues. It also includes interviews with international scholars and practitioners from Australia, Belgium, and the United States to voice a range of global perspectives. This book speaks broadly to those interested in criminology, criminal justice, media and culture, sociology, and gender studies.
Dr. Priscilla Cooke St. Clair
Dr. Karen Travis
Professors, Department of Economics
Many undergraduate research capstones require research papers that include a literature review. This study, Assessing an Iterative Method for Improving Undergraduate Student Literature Reviews, assessed whether modifications made to teaching of a literature review resulted in significant changes to quantified measures of assessment. Literature reviews in the final economics capstone research papers of 212 students from the 2005–2016 period were examined. Results showed that a mandatory graded requirement of incorporating a summary first paragraph was significantly more effective than recommending that students write this paragraph. There was a statistically significant increase associated with both the number of references and total number of paragraphs with a minimum of two scholarly citations. Results demonstrated the general effectiveness of continuous updating of assignments and activities based on student feedback and instructor experience.
Dr. Elisabeth Esmiol Wilson
Dr. Lindsey Nice
Associate Professors, Department of Marriage and Family Therapy
Socially Just Religious and Spiritual Interventions: Ethical Uses of Therapeutic Power [Springer Briefs, 2018] edited by Elisabeth Esmiol Wilson and Lindsey Nice provides mental health professionals with a justice-informed framework that counters spiritually harmful beliefs and practices while collaborating with spiritually healing beliefs and practices. Underlying assumptions of this volume include: clinicians must understand ethical implications and societal inequities of clients’ specific beliefs and practices; clinicians need a strong understanding of their own social location and need to process personal experiences and biases related to spirituality and religion; clinicians are not neutral and need an ethical framework for utilizing their therapeutic power. Each chapter offers case studies and clinical implications utilizing the justice-informed framework with various marginalized or oppressed populations.
Dr. Sara Finley
Department of Psychology
One of the major questions in the cognitive science of language is whether the perceptual and phonological motivations for the rules and patterns that govern the sounds of language are a part of the psychological reality of grammatical representations. Participants who were exposed to a metathesis pattern (when two adjacent sounds switch positions) that could be explained in terms of structural or perceptual improvement were less likely to generalize to metathesis patterns that did not show the same improvements. These results support a substantively biased theory in which phonological patterns are encoded in terms of structurally motivated constraints.
Finley, S. (2017). Learning metathesis: Evidence for syllable structure constraints. Journal of Memory and Language, 92, 142-157.
Dr. Beth Griech-Polelle
Department of History/Kurtis R. Mayer Chair in Holocaust Studies
Anti-Semitism and the Holocaust: Language, Rhetoric and the Traditions of Hatred (Bloomsbury Academic Press, 2017) by Beth A. Griech-Polelle examines the varieties of anti-Semitism that have existed throughout history, from religious anti-Semitism in the ancient Roman Empire to the racial anti-Semitism of political anti-Semites in Germany and Austria in the late 19th century. The author analyzes the tropes, imagery, legends, myths, and stereotypes about Jews that have surfaced at these various points in time. The work considers how this language helped to engender an innate distrust, dislike, and even hatred of Jews in 20th century Europe. It explores the shattering impact of WWI and the rise of Weimar Germany, Hitler’s rhetoric, and the first phase of Nazi anti-Semitism before illustrating how ghettos, SS Einsatzgruppen killing squads, and death camps were used to drive this anti-Semitic feeling towards genocide.
Dr. David Simpson
Department of Social Work
This study examined the use of active and avoidant coping strategies as potential moderators in the relationship between parental support and psychological outcomes in a sample of clinically anxious youth. Results revealed active coping strategies did moderate the relationship between parental support and anxiety, however, not as expected while the significant moderation role of avoidance coping was mixed. Findings showed that anxious youth with more parental support and more active coping were at risk for higher levels of anxiety, yet protected from higher depression. Avoidant coping strategies did moderate in a manner that was predicted regarding higher anxiety symptoms. Results confirmed the need for parental involvement in treating anxious youth.
Simpson, D., Suarez, L., Cox, L., & Connolly, S. (2018). The role of coping strategies in understanding the relationship between parental support and psychological outcomes in anxious youth. Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal, 35, 407-421.