Visiting Scholars are appointed subject to the policies described under Section IV Personnel Policies and Employment Benefits, Policy Guidelines for Visiting Scholar Appointments. They provide service to academic programs and are usually faculty on leave from other institutions of higher education. Unless also appointed to a position with faculty status, visiting scholars hold no other rank, receive no compensation, teach no courses, have neither voice nor vote in the Faculty Assembly, have no vote in electronic balloting, and may not vote on matters of personnel (e.g. the election of chair and dean, and the hiring of new faculty). Visiting Scholars appointed to a position carrying faculty status are subject to the rules of that position as described elsewhere in this section.