Using Google Maps in the Classroom: Teaching an old software new tricks

Posted by: Date: November 30, 2015 In: , , , ,

by Jenna Stoeber

Christmas break is nearing, and with it comes a chance for faculty to catch their breath after a long and hard fall—before revving back up for another semester. The holiday break is ideal for exploring new methods of teaching, so why not start small by finding innovative ways of using familiar, ubiquitous technology?

Whether you’re going across the world or across the street for the holiday, you’re likely to use Google Maps before the end of the year. This free software is so common that most students (and faculty) already know how to navigate it; with the right lesson plan, it is easy to integrate into a classroom setting, and allows student a concrete, visual way of understanding certain kinds of information.

The examples below demonstrate how using Google Maps will put you on the road to success by adding new texture and depth to a lesson, invigorating the learning process for you and your students.

 

Contextualizing Location

Our first example comes straight from PLU from History Professor Mike Halvorson, who created an interactive map of Ancient Egypt that overlaid modern-day Egypt for his course on Western Civilization. Students can zoom in on important locations and monuments, while still able to keep these locations rooted in a global context.

A google maps screen that is focused on Egypt, with red pinpoints at along the Nile River. On the left is a listing of locations, including the Giza Pyramids and Lower Upper Egypt.
Halvorson marks sites down the Nile River. Click to view larger.
A google maps screen that is zoomed in on the Great Pyramids at Giza. There are mutiple red pinpoints on the map, indicating many pyramids.
Bird’s eye view of the pyramids. Click to view larger.

For students of literature, it can be thrilling to see how the people and places in a work of fiction can crossover into the real world. This is especially true for books where location plays an important role, such as in James Joyce’s classic, Ulysses. Using a map like the one below, students can follow, chapter-by-chapter, as the protagonists journey around real-life Dublin.

Click on the locations in this interactive map to see how context has been applied.

Likewise, what better way to follow the road-trip of the Joad family in John Steinbeck’s The Grapes of Wrath than a Google Map? This map includes both quotes from the book and a short description of notable events that take place along each stop, helping to visualize the dramatic length and difficulty of the journey.

A google maps screen that is focused on Tulsa, Oklahoma, with a blue line following Route 66. There are many multi-color pinpoints along the path. On the left the following text appears: “Oklahoma City to Bethany is fourteen miles.” (pg. 170). The Joads meet the Wilsons and camp with them overnight. Grampa has a stroke and dies on the Wilson’s mattress -- the second fatality. He is buried illegally, and the two families decide to travel together.
The Joads’ long journey along Route 66. Click image to view larger.

Language faculty may find it useful to help students visualize the diversity of locations where a language is spoken, as seen in this map by French teacher Samantha Decker via her blog, The French Corner: a blog about teaching French. This map marks francophone countries across the globe, and can be incorporated into a discussion of how a foreign language became important in these regions.

For more information on creating custom maps, check out Google’s My Maps documentation.

 

Google Earth

More adventurous faculty might try playing with Google Earth, a free software built using extensive satellite imagery, with the principle focus of exploration. Whereas Google Maps is great for routes and marking distances—perfect for visualizing the Joad’s arduous trek—Google Earth shows faculty and students an overhead view of any location on the planet, and even some in space! You can design tours that include text, pictures, landmarks, close-ups of 3D buildings and geographical features, and more.

Some excellent examples of innovative Google Earth topics include:

A screenshot of the Google Earth software. It shows a detailed geographical map of Uganda with diamond-shaped markers. Beneath a marker labeled "Alluvial mining," there is a pop up with a black and white photo of a man in a muddy body of water, sifting gravel with a box. The caption reads: Kadir Van Lohuizen “Diamond Matters” Legend: Domingos Papa Seko (35 years-old), Angola. ‘Originally I am from Malange. I have been a miner since 1992. During the war, I was sent to Bula as a soldier. Since then, I am washing gravel here.'
Each stop includes the story of a real diamond miner. Click to view larger.

Google Earth is easily applied to a variety of topics, and there is no shortage of tutorials to help you get started. For a browser-based software, consider using Google’s Tour Builder software, which also has plenty of online help available.

 

Virtual Tours

The excitement doesn’t end there! A wealth of ready-to-use virtual tours can be found online, providing an in-depth look at sights that would otherwise be very difficult to visit on a field trip.

Here are some of our favorites:

 

PLU Resources

For help creating a Google Maps or Google Earth tour, set up an Instructional Technology consultation with Jenna Stoeber at itech@plu.edu